“THE MECHANISMS OF ATP-BIOMACROMOLECULE INTERACTIONS”
Advisor: Halil İ. Okur
Bilkent University, Department of Chemistry
Place: Chemistry Meeting Room (1st floor – SB Building)
All are cordially invited to attend.
Abstract: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), one of the most important biomolecules of life, plays a vital role as the primary energy source within cells for essential biological functions. It has recently been discovered that ATP can also serve as a biological hydrotrope to destabilize protein aggregates and fibers. This thesis aims to investigate the recently discovered hydrotropic behavior of ATP and its interaction mechanisms with biomacromolecules, particularly poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), using a multi-experimental approach combined with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Adapting the bottom-up approach, the phase behavior of macromolecules is examined through phase transition and ATR-FTIR measurements. Additionally, site-specific interactions are identified with quantitative 1H-NMR spectroscopic studies, and the hydration shell structure and cluster morphologies of ATP molecules are explored through Multivariate Curve Resolution (MCR) Raman experiments. It is demonstrated that adenine and adenosine subgroups show negligible effect on the solubility of macromolecules, whereas ATP, AMP, and triphosphate exhibited purely salting-out behavior, and induced the aggregation of macromolecules. In stark contrast to the recently discovered hydrotropic behavior of ATP, no specific interactions between the macromolecule and ATP were observed in spectroscopic ATR-FTIR and 1H-NMR measurements, as well as MD simulations. Surprisingly, at elevated concentrations, self-association of ATP was observed leading to partial destabilization of larger PNIPAM aggregates to smaller ones. In the absence of ATP binding sites, interactions with random-coil-like structured macromolecules do not lead to effective hydrotropic action of ATP. Instead, they function more as stabilizers rather than solubilizing the macromolecules.
Keywords: Adenosine triphosphate, adenosine monophosphate, tripolyphosphate, adenine, adenosine, hydrotropes, thermoresponsive polymers, PNIPAM, PDEA