Nutrition is use of food for lasting life and saving health. Aim of nutrition is to provide individual energy and each nutrient requirements sufficiently according to his age, sex, working and specific status.
The primary aim of individual, parent and community is to be healthy and productive. The symbol of being healthy and productive is well-growth body build in point of physically, mentally, spiritually and socially and running of this body build for a long time without cutting off.
Nutrition, genetic, climate and environmental conditions affect human health. Nutrition is one of the primary factor among these. Researches on human indicate that children death rate in inadequate fed populations is ten times higher than in adequate fed populations. However, rate of growth in inadequate fed populations is slower than in adequate fed populations. Inadequate nutrition not only affects physical growth but also mental growth.
The answer of this question isn’t easy as stepping on a weighing machine and then comparing this with a table. Your healthy body weight is the best for you. Anybody’s weight may be quite different from yours even if your age, sex and stature is similar with him.
What is the reason of this difference? Your geometric body build has a big role in this difference. Because your geometric features determine your stature, body build and shape. It may be discussed that there is a connection between body fat and geometric body build.
Absolutely, the reason of body weight differences among people is not only geometry but also the rate of energy expenditure in an individual’s body, that is metabolic rate. At the same time body composition is also important. Muscle tissue expends more energy than fat tissue. Level of physical activity and food consumption have an important role as well.
Whether you have got a healthy body weight or not depends on many factors such as the body fat in which area is located and how much fat your body weight contains.
You can follow the details related to this subject from the “monthly topic” link or appoint to our dietitians.
Body mass index ( BMI ) is the approximate indication of the body fat. It doesn’t measure the fat mass in the organism directly. However, studies prove that body mass index demonstrates the body fat mass over 90 percent accurately. Body mass index is used in determining the body fat mass reliably.
BMI is obtained by dividing body weight as kg into body height as meter squared (kg / m2 ).
1- Determine your body weight as kg.
For example 60 kilos
2- Measure your body height.
For example 1.65 meter
2- Calculate your body mass index.
BMI = Your weight (kg) / your body height (m2)
BMI = 60 kg / (1.65 m x 1.65 m) = 22.03
ASSESMENT OF BODY MASS INDEX IN POINT OF HEALTH PROBLEMS
|BKİ (kg / m2)||SINIFLAMA||RİSK|
|18.5 – 24.9||NORMAL WEİGHT||NORMAL|
|25 – 29.9||OVERWEİGHT||INCREASED|
|30 – 34.9||OBESE I||HIGH|
|35 – 39.9||OBESE II||VERY HIGH|
|> 40||OBESE III||EXTREMELY HIGH|
- Keeping the body weight in ideal kilos,
- Providing maximum 10 % of energy from rafined sugar,
- Providing 25-30 % of energy from dietary fat and intaking of saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated fatty acids at the same rate,
- Keeping daily cholesterol intake under 300 mg,
- Keeping daily salt intake 5 – 6 gr and under 5 gr,
- Limiting alcohol intake,
- Intaking of antioxidant vitamins and foods sufficiently,
- Consuming 25-30 gr of dietary fiber per day,
- Increasing daily potassium intake,
- Using food additives under control and paying attention to label information in packaged foods,
- Increasing of physical activity.